The agile and obedient Border Collies – the overachievers in the canine world, are known for their outstanding shepherding skills. This medium sized dog which weighs about 30-45 pounds comes with an astounding amount of stamina and energy. However Border Collies demand a lot of exercise and activities otherwise they become neurotic or destructive.
Born in the British Isles, in past days they used to work in the highlands and valleys of the Scottish borders, at times running more than 50 miles a day. In spite of being a tad hyperactive this handsome competition dog used to be the most valuable assets of the Scottish shepherds. The term ‘collie’ which means sheepdogs has been derived from the Scottish dialect. They first made their appearance at a British dog show back in 1860 and a few years later Queen Victoria became an enthusiast of the Border Collie. Till this day Border Collies are recognized as the number one shepherding dogs which are easy to train.
Border Collies are generally black and white with a huge skull, big haunches and a thick coat. Males are usually 19-22 inches in height and weigh about 35-45 lbs. Female Border Collies are 18-21 inches in height and weighs around 30-40 lbs. Known for their agility, Border Collies often move in a crouched posture with the front quarters lower than its haunches.
It put it precisely, the personality of Border Collies can be defined with the following adjectives- alert, smart, hardworking and enthusiastic. This breed should be kept busy at all times or else the dog might behave in an unruly manner. Border Collies were bred to herd sheep and work tirelessly all round the day and therefore don’t expect it to sit quietly by your feet while you watch TV. They are famous for being extremely sensitive to the cue of the handler no matter if it’s a call, a whistle or a hand signal. Like any other dogs the Border Collies are not always perfect. They are willful and independent minded and in absence of a herd these dogs love to chase around cars, other pets and even children. They can turn out to be extremely shy if not properly socialized since childhood.
Health and Grooming
Though generally a healthy breed, Border Collies could develop a number of health problems like progressive retinal atrophy, epilepsy, Osteochondrosis Dissecans (OCD), Collie eye anomaly, allergies and hip dysplasia. While buying a Border Collie pup make sure to obtain the hip and eye certificates from the breeder.
You need not groom this dog excessively and a brushing once a week is enough to keep his double coats in the perfect condition. Frequent brushing in the shedding season is recommended. You should brush its teeth twice a week and trim the nails once in a month.
Though they can adapt themselves to almost any environment, ideally the Border Collies require an environment with lots of space to run about. They demand a lot of attention and constant activity which is why the owner should make sure that they can provide the dog with a proper outlet for venting all its energies. They are perfectly suited to a large house with a yard and lots of children and pets to play with.