Bulldog aka British Bulldog or English Bulldog are an easily recognizable breed which resembles a bigger pug. In spite of their angry look, Bulldogs with their huge wrinkly head and short paws are an awesome companion. They have big dark eyes, small and thin ears, droopy upper lip and massive jaws. Breeding this dog can be an expensive deal since they need to have caesarean sections for delivery. This breed requires plenty of exercise otherwise they tend to become overweight. An ideal apartment dog you can expect your Bulldog to sit quietly by your feet watching the telly. They are sensitive to heat and humidity and tend to overeat whenever given a change.
The ancestors of this breed were used by butchers to bring the cattle to the slaughter house. Bullbaiting used to be an annual pre Christmas festivity back in the 13th century and it was not until 1500 that this breed got its present name. Bulldogs which used to be of the size of a full grown mastiff have now evolved as a short legged dog with flat nose and large nostrils. Even after the banning of baiting of bulls and bears in 1835; this dog didn’t lose its popularity. In 1869 Bulldogs made their first appearance at a dog show in Birmingham.
They are medium in size and have a huge head, broad shoulders, massive jaws and thick sturdy limbs. The skull of the Bulldog is its most prominent feature. Their gait is another peculiarity of this breed. They have short and glossy coat the color of which can range from white, red, fallow and light fawn. A full grown male Bulldog weighs around 50 lbs while the females weigh around 40 pounds. They are about 12-15 inches in height.
Bulldogs are friendly creatures that don’t lack in courage and this is why they make for an excellent watchdog. Although stubborn in nature this breed is extremely friendly and gets along well with almost anybody. The temperament of this breed depends on a number of factors like training, heredity and socialization. Early socialization makes sure that the pup grows up to be a sensible, affable and well rounded dog.
Like all other dogs, Bulldogs are also prone to a number of conditions and illnesses. Some of the most common health problems of this breed include respiratory troubles, eyelid abnormalities, hip dysplasia, heart problems, skin conditions and congenital heart diseases. They experience breathing troubles in hot and humid climate or after exertion. Skin irritation commonly occurs in the creases of the skin on the face.
Bulldogs do not shed much and it’s enough to brush her coat once a week. Make sure to clean inside the creases so as to prevent irritation. Trim her nails once a month and brush her teeth once or twice a week. While grooming your Bulldog always check for rashes, sores and any other kind of skin infection.
Bulldogs are super happy in a moderately big air conditioned space with children to play with. They are very tenacious and would readily put up with a lot from the children. Though they get long pretty well with other pets, they are not so friendly with stray dogs.